The present issue and full text message archive on this journal is available at www.emeraldinsight.com/0143-7739.htm Leadership's effect on employee proposal Differences amongst entrepreneurs and professional Entrepreneurs Nancy…...Read
Global Positioning Systems in Aviation
Global Position Navigation (GPS) is part of the latest and greatest navigation aid to be incorporated into the world of aircraft transportation, as well as every other form of transportation. For the purposes of this paper, I would like to explore just what GPS is and how it works and how it is to be implemented in the Aviation Industry. GPS is a spacedbased radio positioning, navigation and timetransfer system developed and maintained by the Department of Defense. GPS is different than current navigation aids as it utilizes satellites to determine position as opposed to groundbased systems like VORTAC or VOR/DME systems. (Jeppesen Sanderson, 2003) GPS has established itself as the primary navigational system for all forms of navigation, very much including aviation, both in the United States and worldwide. (Clausing, D. J., 2007). GPS came online July 17, 1995 and has since become quite popular as it is very accurate. Highlights in the History of GPS 1978 First GPS satellite launched. 1983 Korean Airlines flight 007 strays over the Soviet Union and is shot down. President Reagan declares GPS will be available and free to all when operational to help prevent future navigation tragedies. 1987 Department of Transportation establishes an office to respond to civil users' needs and to work closely with DOD to ensure proper implementation of GPS for civil use. 1988 GPS commercial dualfrequency user equipment introduced to the market. 1991 U. S i9000. offer to make the GPS Standard Positioning Service (SPS) available beginning in 1993 to the international community on a continuous, worldwide basis free of direct user fees at the International Civil Aviation Organization's (ICAO) conference.
1990 Operation Desert Storm, the first major test of GPS in combat, creates unprecedented demand for GPS equipment. 1993 GPS achieves Initial Operational Capacity (IOC) with full constellation of 24 GPS satellites...
Bibliography: Jeppesen Sanderson, Inc. (2003). Private Pilot. Englewood, Colo.: Jeppesen Sanderson. 9, 5053. Clausing, D. J. (2007). Aviator 's Guide to Navigation. New York: McGrawHill. 177, 180, 182. Warwick, Graham (Feb 13, 2012). http://www.aviationweek.com/Article.aspx?id=/articlexml/AW_02_13_2012_p26423275.xml O 'Connor, Marisa (Feb 2 2012) http://www.rmtracking.com/blog/2012/02/22/presidentobamasignsbilltomodernizethefaawithgp stechnology/ GPS. GOV (Feb 17 2012). http://www.gps.gov/applications/aviation/ Coalition to Save Our GPS (2012). http://www.saveourgps.org/historyofgps.aspx Lowy Joan (Feb 7 2012). http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/07/faabillgpsradar_n_1259825.html Richardson Chris (Feb 2012). http://www.webpronews.com/congressfasttracksfaaswitchtogps201202 cbsnews. com, May 27, 2010 http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2010/05/27/tech/main6524238.shtml